How Does Ranked Choice Voting Work?
Watch this cool video that shows how RCV works.
News from Maine
U.S. Congress District 1 and District 2
The races for U.S. Senate and U.S. Congress in District 1 were won by outright majority on the first round.
The race for U.S. Congress in District 2 went through an RCV count. Here's official information from the Secretary of State. We DID NOT use ranked choice voting to elect these offices:
Governor of Maine
Maine State Senate
Maine State House of Representatives
District Attorney, County Commissioner and other offices
Find more information about ranked choice voting from the Maine Secretary of State
Why is RCV Considered as an Alternative to a Plurality System?
What are the Benefits of Ranked Choice Voting?
✓ Eliminates spoilers and strategic voting: Ranked choice voting allows voters to support their favorite candidate without worrying that they might "throw their vote away," or worse, split their votes with like‐minded voters and unintentionally help elect the candidate they like the least.
✓ Reduces negative campaigning: Candidates running in ranked choice elections must ask for second and, sometimes, third choice rankings. Voters are less likely to rank a candidate highly who is negative toward their preferred candidate.
✓ Reduces the influence of money in politics: Campaigns and special interest groups spend a lot of money on negative advertising. By making negative advertising less effective, ranked choice voting reduces the need for, and influence of, money in politics.
Where is RCV being Used?
✓ 11 cities across the United States currently use ranked choice voting to elect city officers, including Portland, Maine. Also San Francisco, Cambridge, and Minneapolis.
✓ 5 states provide military and overseas voters with ranked choice ballots to participate in federal runoff elections.
✓ 4 countries, including Australia, Ireland, Malta, and New Zealand, use ranked choice voting in federal elections.
✓ Numerous public and private sector organizations, including the Academy of Motion Pictures Arts and Science, use ranked choice voting for their elections.
Read more about who uses RCV.
The League's Guiding Principles for Elections.
Read more about the legislative and legal background.
The League's Position on Ranked Choice Voting, also called Instant Run-off Voting
The League's 2008 - 2011 Study materials on RCV then called Instant Run-off Voting